Stems solitary or several, simple or sparingly branched, 8-15 cm, bracteal lvs 8-15 mm, sep shorter than to nearly equaling the cor; fls dull white, 10-12 mm; 2n=56. Rich woods; N.J. and Pa. to O., s. Ind., and s. Ill., s. to Fla. and Tex. Apr., May.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
This very inconspicuous plant is usually rare and only a few specimens are found in a colony. It is sometimes frequent, however, and on April 26, 1927, I found it to be a common plant in a small field on a wooded slope in Harrison County. This field had not been cultivated for more than 20 years and had reforested mostly to tulip trees 4-6 inches in diameter. It prefers rather sandy soil of exposed places, although it is often found in places with a thick cover of leaves but in such situations it is never abundant. It has been reported as far north as Parke and Putnam Counties.