This very inconspicuous plant is usually rare and only a few specimens are found in a colony. It is sometimes frequent, however, and on April 26, 1927, I found it to be a common plant in a small field on a wooded slope in Harrison County. This field had not been cultivated for more than 20 years and had reforested mostly to tulip trees 4-6 inches in diameter. It prefers rather sandy soil of exposed places, although it is often found in places with a thick cover of leaves but in such situations it is never abundant. It has been reported as far north as Parke and Putnam Counties.
Stems solitary or several, simple or sparingly branched, 8-15 cm, bracteal lvs 8-15 mm, sep shorter than to nearly equaling the cor; fls dull white, 10-12 mm; 2n=56. Rich woods; N.J. and Pa. to O., s. Ind., and s. Ill., s. to Fla. and Tex. Apr., May.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.