Parish goldeneye, more...
[Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii (Greene) Vasey & Rose, more]
Shrubs, 50-130 cm. Leaves mostly opposite, sometimes alternate (distal); petioles 2-8 mm; blades deltate to deltate-ovate, 1-3.5 × 1-3.5 cm, margins usually toothed, faces: abaxial hispid and gland-dotted (and slightly reticulate), adaxial scabrous, (bases of hairs notably enlarged). Heads (1-)3-5. Peduncles 1-15 cm. Involucres hemispheric, 8-13 × 5-9 mm. Paleae ovate to oblong, 5.5-7 mm. Phyllaries 16-28, 3-9 × 1.5-2 mm. Ray florets 8-15; laminae 10-15 mm. Disc florets 50+; corollas 3.5-5 mm. Cypselae 2.7-3.2 mm; pappi of 2(-6) lacerate, aristate scales 2.1-2.5 mm plus (0-)2-6 lacerate scales 0.5-1 mm. 2n = 36. Flowering (Jan-Oct). Xeric scrub; 500-1500 m; Ariz., Calif., Nev.; Mexico (Baja California, Sonora). Bahiopsis parishii is a diploid that is closely related to polyploids that have traditionally been recognized as varieties of B. (Viguiera) deltoidea and occur throughout the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico.
FNA 2006, Wiggins 1964, Kearney and Peebles 1969
Common Name: Parish goldeneye Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Perennial shrub, straggly 50-130 cm tall, with slender, strigillose to hispid stems and peduncles. Leaves: Mostly opposite, on petioles 2-8 mm, blades deltate to deltate ovate 1-3.5 cm long by 1-3.5 cm wide, margins usually toothed, faces hispid and gland dotted beneath, scabrous above. Flowers: Heads several at end of branching, naked, terminal, peduncle 1-15 cm long; campanulate involucres, 8-13 mm wide, 16-28 phyllaries lance-linear, 3-9 mm long by 1.5-2 mm wide; 8-15 ray florets with yellow rays 10-15 mm long; disc florets 50, yellow, corollas 3.5-5 mm. Fruits: Cypselae 2.5-3.5 mm, compressed, oblong, distinctly ridged, strigose with brownish, forwardly appressed hairs. Ecology: Found on plains, along arroyos, and slopes, always in xeric conditions below 5,000 ft (1524 m); flowers November-April. Distribution: AZ, CA, NV; south to MEX (Baja California, Sonora). Notes: This is a recently segregated species, you-ll know it by its old name: Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii. The molecular systematics are pretty clear to delineate the new genus Bahiopsis. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Bahiopsis is named for Juan Francisco de Bahi y Fonseca (1775-1841) a Spanish botanist, and opsis which indicates a resemblance, while parishii is named for the brothers Parish, Samuel Bonsall Parish (1838-1928) and William Fletcher Parish (1840-1918), botanical collectors who lived in California. Synonyms: Viguiera parishii, Viguiera deltoidea var. parishii Editor: SBuckley, 2010
This project made possible by National Science Foundation Award 1410069