Gentianella microcalyx (J.G. Lemmon) J. Gillett
Family: Gentianaceae
Chiricahua dwarf gentian
[Gentiana microcalyx J.G. Lemmon]
Gentianella microcalyx image
Sue Carnahan  
Plant: annual herb; 5-50 cm tall. STEMS rectangular, branched Leaves: basal leaves oblanceolate, petiolate, soon withering; cauline leaves ovate, somewhat clasping, 3-5 cm long gradually reduced above INFLORESCENCE: compound umbellate cymes Flowers: 4-parted, calyx 2-3 mm long, the lobes 1.5-2 mm long, the tube 0.5-1 mm long; corolla white or pale lavender, tubular, 8-11 mm long, the lobes ca. equaling the tube, the coronal hairs absent; stamens slightly exserted; pistil sessile or short stipitate, cylindric or fusiform Fruit: a capsule usually slightly exceeding the marcescent corolla. SEEDS smooth to papillose, globose to slightly flattened Misc: Moist areas along streams or ponds and in pine-oak forests, abundant in burned areas; 1600-2450 m (5200-8000 ft); Aug-Oct REFERENCES: Mason, Charles T. 1998 Gentianaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. 30(2): 84.
Mason 1998
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Annual with branched rectangular stems 5-50 cm tall. Leaves: Basal leaves oblanceolate, petiolate, soon withering, cauline leaves ovate, generally clasping, 3-5 cm long, gradually reduced above. Flowers: Four parted, in compound umbellate cymes emerging from the axils, calyx 2-3 mm long, lobes 1.5-2 mm long, the white to pale lavender funnelform tube about one third the corolla length with no coronal hairs, stamens exserted, the pistil sessile or short stipitate, cylindric to fusiform. Fruits: A capsule slightly longer than the corolla. Ecology: Found in moist soil along streams or ponds from 5,000-8,000 ft (1524-2438 m); flowers April-October. Notes: This species often grows in marshy flats along creeks with many individual stems in one area, said to be abundant in burned areas. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Gentianella means little Gentian, reflecting its having been split off from the genus, while microcalyx means little calyx. Synonyms: Gentiana microcalyx Editor: SBuckley, 2010
Gentianella microcalyx image
© 2013 Wynn Anderson  
Gentianella microcalyx image
Sue Carnahan  
Gentianella microcalyx image
Sue Carnahan  
Gentianella microcalyx image
© 2013 Wynn Anderson  
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
Gentianella microcalyx image
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