Scrophularia parviflora is an upper elevation erect herb with open panicles of small irregular flowers that are green except for the upper corolla lobe which is red. The leaves are opposite and petiolate, the petioles under a third the length of the leaf blade. The blades are lanceolate, serrate and acute. Scrophularia parviflora is found in moist canyons.
Kearney and Peebles 1969, McDougall 1973
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Perennial herbs with tall, erect, leafy stems, stems have 4 angles, herbage minutely puberulent to glabrate, aromatic. Leaves: Lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, opposite, dentate or serrate and truncate at the base, petioled. Flowers: Greenish or dull red, short and broad with short corolla lobes, the upper most lobe flat and horizontally spreading or reflexed, flowers numerous, borne in loose terminal panicles, stamens 4, included. Fruits: Caspule ovoid or subglobose, with 2 valves and many dull, black seeds. Ecology: Found in rich soils in coniferous forests, from 5,000-8,000 ft (1524-2438 m); flowering July-October. Notes: Differentiate from the other species of Scrophularia of note in Arizona, S. californica, primarily by the leaves, S. parviflora has lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate leaves with a truncate base, and S. californica has triangular-ovate leaves with a cordate base, although Kearney and Peebles noted that these two species intergrade. Synonyms: None Editor: LCrumbacher, 2011