Bracts: abaxial surface of distalmost sheathing bract (and often the next) densely and conspicuously silvery-pubescent when young (later sometimes glabrescent). Leaves 4-5, rather evenly spaced along stem, alternate, spreading; blade orbiculate to lance-elliptic to ovate or obovate, 9-19 × 2.5-9 cm. Flowers 1-2, small, scent moderate to faint, rose or musty; sepals and petals usually minutely but densely spotted with reddish brown or madder and appearing uniformly dark, rarely only coarsely spotted and blotched; lip oblance-ovoid to calceolate (slipper-shaped), 22-34 mm; orifice 12-19 mm. Flowering Apr--Jun. Mesic to dry deciduous and deciduous-hemlock forests, usually on slopes; mostly 0--1200 m; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Kans., Md., Mass., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., R.I., Tenn., Va.