Plants with coarsely fibrous leaves arising directly from top of vertical rootstock; bulbs absent. Leaves 4-7, 26-45(-72) cm × 2-4 mm, fibers withering to usually persistent; blade flattened or ± terete with prominent adaxial groove, usually shorter than scape and inflorescence, base not fleshy. Inflorescences 1-3(-6)-branched (occasionally simple or with secondary branches), flowers separated up to 6 cm or distally clustered; bracts lanceolate-acuminate to ovate-acuminate, basal usually much longer than distal. Flowers: tepals often strongly recurved, white or greenish white, each with greenish abaxial stripe, 5-7-veined, ovate, 3-4.5 mm, apex obtuse; ovary and style green. 2n = 48-, 49. Flowering May in south; late May--early Jun in north. Marshy pinelands, cypress bogs, wet savannas; 0--100 m; Fla., Ga. Excluded species: Schoenolirion texanum (Scheele) A. Gray and Oxytria texana (Scheele) Pollard are names based upon Ornithogalum texanum Scheele, which is the same as Camassia scilloides (Rafinesque) Cory, and does not belong to Schoenolirion.