Gladiolus italicus Mill.
Family: Iridaceae
Gladiolus italicus image
Plants 50-100 cm. Corms tunicate, ca. 20 mm diam.; tunic fibrous. Stems usually simple. Leaves 3-5, ± reaching base of spike; blade plane, lanceolate, sometimes narrowly so, 8-22 mm wide. Spikes 6-16-flowered; spathes unequal, outer 30-40(-50) mm, inner 1/2-2/3 outer. Flowers unscented, weakly distichous; perianth tube obliquely funnel-shaped, 10-12 mm; tepals pink to light purple with narrow median white streak on outer 3 tepals, unequal, dorsal tepal 45-50 × ca. 16 mm, inner lateral tepals ca. 30 × 8 mm, outer 3 tepals connate for ca. 5 mm, outer lateral tepals ca. 25 mm, outer median tepal ca. 20 mm; filaments ca. 12 mm; anthers ca. 15 mm; style branching opposite level of anther apices; branches ca. 2.5 mm. Capsules globose, 10-12 mm. Seeds globose or lightly angled, 2-3 mm diam. Flowering mostly Apr--May. Roadsides, crop fields; 500 m; introduced; Calif.; probably native to Near East. Gladiolus italicus is a weed of cultivation, not known certainly as a truly wild plant. Occasionally, small-flowered plants with aborted anthers occur in some populations, but such gynodioecious individuals have not been recorded in North America.

The National Science Foundation
This project made possible by National Science Foundation Award 1410069